- Protecting Bees to Double Myanmar’s Honey Exports -
March 14, 2016
With bee numbers in decline globally, Myanmar is one of a handful of locations which holds hope for an expansion of bee keeping activities, including important pollination services to increase crop yields. However, the growing and unchecked use of chemical pesticides threatens the very existence of bees. Policy on chemical pesticide and fertiliser use needs to be put in place, and the public needs to become aware of the dangers.
These messages were shared last month at the Plan Bee Policy Implications Seminar in Nay Pyi Taw held by partner TAG International. Local and international experts attended the event and presented their findings on the bee situation in Myanmar, and globally.
U Myint Than from Apiculture Resources and Business Centre gave a brief history of TAG. In 2012, TAG with MASHAV (Israel’s Agency for International Development Cooperation) contacted the Myanmar government and explained their intention to train the rural population in modern beekeeping techniques. The government agreed and, with funding from LIFT, TAG and its partners started the Plan Bee project in 2013.
Myanmar has 893 registered commercial beekeepers, who produce around 4,500 metric tons of honey a year. With economic sanctions on Myanmar, only 3,500 tons are exported, to within the region. U Myint Than thinks there is potential for increasing the present status of beekeeping. “People are increasing their capacity for beekeeping so as to increase the number of colonies,” he said. “Based on the present situation and trend, the production of Myanmar honey can double within a decade. Myanmar beekeepers are looking forward to exporting to the world market.”
Dr Dinh Quyet Tam of Vietnam Beekeepers Association focused on the importance of the honeybee as a pollinator. Bees help bring in revenue of 117 billion USD per year worldwide and spur job creations, income-generation and reducing poverty in developing countries. Dr Tam stressed that they “must be protected from things which can be controlled,” such as making the habitat safe for bees, with availability of forage, suitable agricultural systems and vegetation, and minimise the use of pesticides/fungicides/herbicides which are harmful to bees.
The government has an essential role to set and implement these regulations, said Dr Tam.
Nguyen Truong Vuong from the corporate social responsibility arm of the pharmaceutical company Syngenta reiterated the importance of bees: 87% of crop species require insect pollination – of this 80% from bees. Neonicotinoid pesticide (NNI) is considered to permanently stop pest insects from being able to feed and can harm bees if not used properly. Vuong advocated that farmers should get to know their local beekeepers, where the hives are located, learn how bees benefit their crop, learn when bees are foraging, and crucially, should not spray where bees are present.
TAG went into further detail about the major challenges which are facing honeybees and therefore beekeepers. In addition to the increase in harmful pesticides, beekeepers face a reduction in bee-friendly crops, a lack of domestic market for beekeeping products, and limited access to international market.
All speakers agreed that more research and raising awareness in communities should be done for the bees. This can be through education, multimedia and seminars. Training courses, funding, cooperative associations, promotion of trade and marketing, and credit for beekeepers is also needed to help Myanmar reach its bee produce potential.
Seminars like these help to kick-start actions that need to be taken.
Below is the link to the original page, which also contains links to all the presentations.